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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 62-65

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: A prospective study

SIMS Institute of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Transplantation, SRM Institutes for Medical Science, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Doraiswami Babu Vinish
No. 1, Jawaharlal Nehru Salai, Vadapalani, Chennai - 600 026, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ghep.ghep_21_20

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Introduction: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a minimally invasive procedure for establishing enteral access for nutrition. There is a paucity of literature on PEG from the Indian subcontinent. With the rate of complications in the literature showing a downward trend, we aimed to analyze the same in our institute following a standard procedure of PEG tube placement. Methods: The prospective study was conducted including patients referred for PEG placement from August 2017 to December 2019. Data were recorded on a proforma. The primary aim of the study was to determine the rate of complications in patients undergoing PEG, whereas the secondary aim was to determine whether early feeding was associated with increased rate of infection or other complications. Patients were reviewed after 3 days, 1 month, and every 3 months thereafter later with clinical examination. Results: Sixty-seven (83.75%) males and 13 (16.25%) females with a median age of 51 years (range 1–85) were included in the study. Forty-one (51.25%) patients had comorbidities with hypertension being the most common (n = 28). Postoperative placement of the PEG tube was done in 47 (58.75%) patients. Seventy-four patients had underlying neurological or neurosurgical conditions. At the time of PEG placement, 59 (73.75%) had tracheostomy. All procedures were performed in the endoscopic suite, of which two were performed as day care procedures. There were no intraprocedural complications. Feed was started within 2 h in 45 (56.25%) patients and all tolerated feed well. There were no major postprocedural complications. Thirteen patients had clinically suspected PEG site infection, of which 11 patients had a culture-positive organism. All responded to conservative management. Thirty-two patients were on follow-up at a median follow-up period of 2 years. Conclusion: The incidence of complications following PEG tube placement is low. With the standardization of the PEG technique, no major complications were seen in our study. Early PEG feeding was not associated with an increase in the rate of complications.

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