|IMAGE OF INTERESTS
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 44
Stones and abdominal pain – Not the usual suspects
Rajeeb Jaleel1, Girish Desai2, Amit Kumar Dutta1
1 Department of Gastroenterology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
|Date of Submission||19-Aug-2020|
|Date of Decision||21-Aug-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||02-Sep-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||04-Dec-2020|
Amit Kumar Dutta
Department of Gastroenterology, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Jaleel R, Desai G, Dutta AK. Stones and abdominal pain – Not the usual suspects. Gastroenterol Hepatol Endosc Pract 2021;1:44
A 52-year-old woman? presented with a history of recurrent abdominal pain for the past 5 years. The pain was moderate to severe in intensity, located predominantly in the periumbilical region, and lasted for few hours. There was no history of vomiting, significant abdominal distension, or obstipation. Examination of the abdomen was unremarkable. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and colonoscopy with segmental mucosal biopsies were normal. Based on her symptoms and location of abdominal pain, computed tomography enterography was done. It showed focal stricture in the mid-ileal loop with proximal ileal loop dilatation. Multiple enteroliths were noted in the dilated segment of the ileum [Figure 1a and b].
Enterolithiasis is a rare condition and may be primary or secondary based on the site of origin. Primary enteroliths are formed de novo in the intestine following prolonged stasis of contents in the lumen, whereas secondary enteroliths migrate to the intestine from extraintestinal locations. The stasis usually results from stricture, blind loops, or diverticula. Accordingly, enterolithiasis has been noted with small bowel strictures due to Crohn’s disease, tuberculosis, narrowed surgical anastomotic site, and small bowel diverticula. Clinical features include intermittent abdominal pain suggestive of partial bowel obstruction, but they may be asymptomatic. Some patients develop complications such as intestinal obstruction, ulceration, or perforation. The treatment is usually aimed at managing the underlying cause and often requires surgical intervention. Gallbladder, bile duct, kidney/ureter, and pancreas are the usual locations of stones in the abdomen associated with pain. Our patient had an unusual location of stones which formed due to prolonged stasis of small bowel contents proximal to the stricture.
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| References|| |
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