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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-36

Cap polyposis in a child: A rare cause of rectal bleeding

Department of Gastro Sciences, Advanced Endoscopy and Liver Diseases, MGM Health Care, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S Arulprakash
2033, Block 2, Osian Chlorophyll, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ghep.ghep_6_20

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Inflammatory cap polyposis (CP) is a uncommon, non-malignant condition characterized by the presence of sessile and pedunculated polyps in the colon and rectum. The histology of these polyps reveals a “cap” of inflammatory granulation tissue with fibrinopurulent exudate that covers the polyps, hence the name “inflammatory cap polyposis”. The pathogenesis of this non-malignant condition is poorly understood and while several associations have been made, causality has yet to be elucidated. The mainstay of initial treatment is conservative, however complicated and refractory cases usually benefit from endoscopic or surgical intervention followed by close surveillance for disease recurrence and progression. We present a 12 yr old girl with a large cap polyposis which was resected successfully by EMR and literature review.

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